KARACHI LEGGO TV: Pakistan’s Kashmir Policy Abdul Basit Former Pakistani Ambassador Abdul Basit said on Saturday he was not optimistic about the prospects for Pakistan-India relations and called India a difficult country, especially under the Modi regime. He also believes that the current Pakistani government is not pursuing a clear policy in the longstanding dispute over Kashmir.
Addressing the audience at the opening ceremony of his book “Enmity: A Diploma Diary for Relations between Pakistan and India and Others”, Abdul Basit said that Pakistan’s Kashmir policy weakened over time and “We approached recklessly”.
He recalled that Prime Minister Imran Khan said he would have a better chance of peace talks with India if Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Bharatiya Janata (BJP) party won the parliamentary elections in India in April 2019. Later, but in August of that year. , amid the Kashmir dispute between the two countries, Imran Khan called Modi a “fascist”.
Abdul Basit also criticized the current government for showing its willingness to resume talks with India if Delhi presents a roadmap for restoring the IOC’s special status.
He said the four-point formula proposed by then-President Pervez Musharraf to resolve the Kashmir dispute was a big mistake. This goes beyond the country’s longstanding position in principle on the Kashmir issue.
Abdul Basit said he expected the government to act differently in response to India’s move to revoke the special status granted to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Indian Constitution on August 5, 2019, but to no avail. The Indian government does not care at all what happens in the IOC and does not pressure India to restore Kashmir’s special status.
“I don’t see any pressure on Indians,” he said.
On the other hand, we commend dolls like grip, azaad, and more. Made of cashmere. The international community has also not put pressure on the Indian government, except that the United Nations has issued two statements about human rights abuses in the valley.
Abdul Basit, who remained Pakistan’s high commissioner in New Delhi from 2014 to 2017, said the Kashmir issue was a bone of contention between the two neighbors.
“I tell the Indian people that the two countries cannot build relations without mutual trust. If the Indian government takes one step forward, it will take two steps back,” he said. India is a difficult country, especially under the Modi regime.
Commenting on the book, Basit said that it was not a treatise, but a critical account of what happened in Pakistan-India relations during my stay in New Delhi as Pakistan’s High Commissioner. This book covers some of the most sensitive and important developments in the relations between Pakistan and India “Indo-Pak”.
On this occasion, Basit reached out to experienced diplomats and company executives and shared his ideas on Pakistan-India relations, which have always attracted worldwide attention.”As the High Commissioner in New Delhi, I have done my best to protect the interests of my country.”He said the participation of then Prime Minister Mian Nawaz Sharif in the inauguration ceremony of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi in May 2014 was a multi-event experience.
He said many believed that the prime minister should not attend the ceremony, “but I feel that the leaders of my host country and my home country should meet and discuss issues together.”
The two heads of state and government met and it was decided that the Indian Foreign Minister would visit Pakistan for talks scheduled for 25 August 2014 in Islamabad. Abdul Basit revealed that “before meeting with the Prime Minister of India, we developed a strategy that our Prime Minister would not raise the issue with Kashmir until his Indian counterpart raised terrorism and attacks in Mumbai. During the meeting, Modi, as expected, raised the issue of terrorism and the Mumbai attack process, but our Prime Minister remained silent on Kashmir. He never mentioned the word cashmere once,” Basit said.
“I don’t know why we apologize profusely for Kashmir,” he said.
He said that prior to the foreign minister’s visit to Pakistan, he had held a meeting with Huriyat leaders to discuss the Kashmir issue significantly and forced the Indian government not to send the foreign minister to Pakistan. This may upset Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. However, he later revealed that it was more important to meet the Hurrian leaders.
He believes that the visit of former Indian Foreign Minister Sushma Swaraj to Pakistan on 9 December 2015 and subsequent joint statements weakened Pakistan’s position on Kashmir and terror.
“During my stay in India, I was not allowed to work freely. However, my interactions with Indians have remained deep and ongoing. Perhaps I am the only High Commissioner who has managed to write articles in some of India’s major newspapers targeting Thousands directed.” Muslims from the Fatehpur Jama Masjid in Delhi took part in the Baisakhi festival and, despite criticism, had wide media exposure.
The event was co-organized by the Pakistan Council on External Relations (PCFR) and IoBM. The event was also attended by Talib Karim, President of IoBM, Shahid Amin, Former Ambassador and Chair of PCFR, and Ahsan Mukhtar Zubayri, Secretary-General and Chief Executive Officer of PCFR.
Acknowledgments are given by former PCFR Ambassador and Vice President Jamil Ahmad Khan.
Kashmir Issue Revisited
Freelance writer lives in Kandkot, Sindh.
Due to its beauty and geostrategic importance, Jammu and Kashmir continue to be breeding ground between India and Pakistan, resulting in regular wars and subsequent social, economic, and political losses for both countries.
Unlike other countries, which are determined to pursue a better foreign policy and friendly relations in the socio-economic, political, and cultural fields, the nuclear neighbor is caught up in the competition for Kashmir, not only for the south but also for the world as a whole. Due to this offensive and defensive game, both India and Pakistan developed their military skills and spent a lot of money on developing advanced weapons. They are not very interested in human resource development, which causes delays in the human development index.
The history of the conflict in Kashmir goes back to partition in 1947. The state of Jammu and Kashmir is one of the princely states which have the freedom to join any of the countries or remain independent. Ruled at the time by the Hindu Maharaja Hari Singh, both India and Pakistan firmly claimed ownership of the state and even sent troops to occupy it. Therefore Maharajah signed the instrument of accession to the Indian Union, which led to the first war against Kashmir.
The war resulted in strained relations in 1965 and 1999 and the ensuing war caused enormous human and material losses. Between the 1950s and 1980s, both countries were in a state of Cold War and did their best to strengthen their military capabilities to contain and weaken each other.
Given the seriousness of the problem, the international community in both India and Pakistan has made a number of efforts to resolve the issue peacefully. In a UN Security Council resolution after the first war, it was stated: “The issue of the accession of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan will be resolved by the democratic method of a free and impartial referendum.”
However, this could not happen because India failed to comply with UN Security Council resolutions and refused to withdraw its troops. The United Nations then intervened in 1949 and brokered a truce, the LoC, which separated the two countries and led to the disputed territory. The international community only intervened when the Pakistani leadership tried to solve the problem but failed because of India’s hegemonic and assertive attitude.
Meanwhile, the 1992 terrorist attacks in Pakistan and the Mumbai attacks set both sides on fire as both blamed themselves for the chaos. Water disputes also remain a major obstacle. The origin of water sources on both sides of the disputed Kashmir region is a major obstacle to the peace process. Pakistan has reservations that if Kashmir joins India, due to its location on the banks of the rivers upstream of India, Pakistan may not get its share of water and cause heavy losses of the country’s agricultural production. India, on the other hand, cannot lose its position on the upstream riverbank as dams and other irrigation projects are likely to suffer if India’s claim to Kashmir is lost.
Analysts and experts say the cashmere problem is one of the biggest threats of the 21st century. If not controlled, it could wreak havoc on nuclear war around the world.
It is time for governments on both sides to stop this bloody game and formulate a peaceful solution. Both governments must show seriousness and flexibility in diplomacy in this regard and seek a solution under the auspices of the United Nations. As we have seen, after 181 years, the problem of the Falkland Islands was resolved through a referendum under the auspices of the United Nations. Such privileges should be granted to the people of Kashmir, whose failure could cause immeasurable harm and unimaginable horrors on both sides.