Imports of agricultural crops and food groups. After the first industrial revolution in Europe, wealth accumulated from all over the world. Most of the developing countries in the world are not yet independent. Where Europe was ruled by various countries and these industrialized countries became colonies. So Europeans bought the cheapest raw materials from the territories they occupied and loaded them onto ships to blow smoke from their factory chimneys.
Two things arise here, the trade unions in factories and factories in Europe and America and other industrialized countries become stronger and better and create better working conditions for their workers so that the standard of living of the people there keep growing taller. He will
Second, there is fierce competition between farmers from poor agricultural countries (free and occupation) who buy their agricultural products (raw materials) at very low prices and export them at very high prices. So the robbery took place with great generosity. Western countries began to become rich industrial countries. After the Great Depression of 1930, many countries gradually became self-sufficient and developed a strong desire for development.
As such, they are forced to import machinery, capital goods, vehicles, and many other products at inflated prices, and buyers on world markets continue to pay very low prices for their agricultural or agricultural products or products. With the exception of a few countries in Africa and Asia, unfavorable trade has resulted in trade deficits and financial crises. The IMF is dealing with its financial problems. With the G7 and the beginning of the new century, the World Trade Organization, etc. continues to work.
The problems of these countries are there, but the tragedy of Pakistan or the economic downturn or trade imbalance, low exports and high imports of agricultural products is shocking. Every year 8 to 9 billion is spent on importing agricultural products. About 1.63 billion yen was spent on importing 1.127 million tonnes of legumes, according to the PBS report.
That’s just 11 months of imports from July 2020 to May 2021. If an agricultural country spends 74 years increasing the production of different types of legumes, you increase yields per hectare. Total legume production across the country needs to be increased so that there is no need to import legumes. Pakistan will be a major momentum exporter, exporting billions of dollars worth of momentum. In order to receive mail, it is not necessary to hear so many threats that the program will be terminated or that various requirements must be met are deemed necessary.
Despite these difficult conditions and the reason why Pakistan remains on the gray list is another world political factor, especially to keep Pakistan economically weak, in order to remain under pressure. But Pakistan’s financial weakness began in the 1970s, not today. If we have developed our own agriculture in those 5 or 6 decades. Perhaps agrifood imports and food group imports have decreased by 4 or 5 billion, and agrifood exports have increased by another 4 or 5 billion.
Which financial crisis in Pakistan, which economy is weak, who will then ask for a loan and which gray list etc. etc. Pakistan is clearly the fifth largest dairy producer in the world, but still spends around 200 million euros per year on milk and milk imports . Between July 2020 and May 2021 alone, 175.7 million euros were spent on imports of milk and dairy products.
Millions of liters of milk are lost in Pakistan every year due to the lack of modern milk storage technology and for many other reasons. It has since collapsed, but due to a shrinking industry, it is necessary to import a variety of dairy and nutritional products. It can only become an obstacle due to carelessness, preferences, and a certain mafia. Now another important wheat crop, which was also imported in the last fiscal year. Wheat will be imported again in the current fiscal year.
Pakistan is an independent country in terms of sugarcane production and sugar production is also abundant, but between July and May, sugar is imported worth about 130 million yen. There was a time when cotton bales were produced in large quantities.
It was also exported, but now they are also imported. If Pakistan develops some of its most important industries, increases yields per hectare and prioritizes agriculture, then the country can only earn a lot of foreign currency through agricultural production. It can and can save, ie. in terms of import minimization. Pakistan imported 2.95 million tonnes of palm oil in the last 11 months of the fiscal year, which cost about 2.4 billion dollars. Palm oil production is confirmed at different times. So far the question is unconvincing.
However, industrialized countries keep developing countries’ raw material prices on world markets so low that it has a negative impact on imports and exports compared to poorer countries. The trade deficit continues to widen. Balance of payments mixed. But many countries have also set such good examples that they have focused on exporting value-added products, and many countries have increased yields per hectare to increase agricultural production.
Many countries have significantly reduced unnecessary imports. However, if we try, the century will not be smaller for us. Now the faults of others are less clear. To fix this, we need to change the situation, change priorities, change the environment, and more. If a revolutionary change takes place, the day will soon be over when exports will be very small and imports of food groups will not be necessary.
India’s First Agriculture Export Facilitation Centre Launched In Pune
India’s first Agricultural Export Facilitation Center (AFEC), established by the Mahratta Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture (MCCIA) in collaboration with the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), officially opened on Friday.
It was originally commissioned on 15 May 2021. The physical facility is now open to potential Maharashtra agricultural food exporters and will be a unique destination to provide them with all possible assistance.
The center was opened by the head of GS Rawat, CEO, NABARD, a regional office in Pune.
The aim of the center is to stimulate exports of agricultural and food products in Maharashtra by disseminating needs-based information, providing timely instructions, and organizing training for all parties involved. It caters to the needs of farmers, farmer organizations (FPOs), MSMEs in agricultural food processing, existing exporters, and new entrants and keeps them ready during various stages of product export.
It will support capacity building by providing expert advice on various topics such as farm management, minimum residue levels (MRL), branding and marketing, packaging and special export procedures, country protocols and quality parameters, special certificates required by specific countries, export regulations, etc.
Umesh Chandra Sarangi (withdrawn from IAS), Chair of the MCCIA Agriculture Committee, and Prashant Girbane, Director General of MCCIA, also welcomed the case.