Afghanistan Mistakes and errors. The lesson of history is that we don’t learn from history. America says we will not repeat the mistakes of the 90s and we say we have learned from the past, but the United States did what the Soviet Union did and that was in the 90s, and so do we. He made the same mixer as back then.
Fortunately, the Taliban repeated the same mistakes made by the mujahideen. In the 1990s, Najib’s government and the mujahideen had to make peace before the Soviets withdrew because they were the real parties. He left questions about the government and the mujahideen to the future.
After the withdrawal of the Soviet armed forces, Dr. Najibullah expressed his support and continued to press for reconciliation with the mujahideen, but later refused to give full meaning to his government, the mujahideen declared him a puppet of the Soviet Union. The mujahideen’s victory was due to the support of the United States, the Arab world, and Pakistan, as well as the Soviet Union’s own fault, but the mujahideen believed they defeated the Soviet Union because of their belief. So you don’t want to step on the floor. He continues to press for the occupation of Afghanistan with weapons.
In the second round, they fought each other. As a result, Afghanistan was ravaged by its war. In the end, the Mohahids were brutally killed by the Taliban. The United States was punished because one day Afghanistan became a stronghold of al-Qaeda and a nightmare for the United States.
Now history repeats itself and all characters with stupidity from the past. Over the past twenty years, the US leadership has made repeated assurances that it will not repeat the mistakes of the 1990s, but have made even worse and fatal mistakes. The United States is withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan and handing them over to destroy and fight.
The Taliban and the Afghan government must first make peace, then foreign forces will emerge. Then the US can put more pressure on the government in Kabul and it will be relatively easy to talk to the Taliban. The US has signed an agreement with the Taliban. The deal severely weakened the Afghan government while the Taliban were victorious, so their stance was very aggressive. On the other hand, Ashraf Ghani’s government sees reconciliation with the Taliban as the beginning of its demise.
Pakistan should have forced the two countries into inter-Afghan reconciliation before cooperating on the US-Taliban deal, but also handed over the second phase of inter-Afghan reconciliation and aided the US-Taliban deal.
Now we come to the delusion. A common misconception in Pakistan is that the United States withdrew from Afghanistan in the same way as the Soviet Union, when in fact it did not. American troops withdrew, but the United States did not. I think even after that, not only the Afghan government but also the remote control of the Taliban will remain directly or indirectly in US hands.
Unlike the Soviet Union, the United States was neither fragmented nor economically bankrupt. The United States is still a major economic and military power. If he spends a tenth of the dollar he spends every year on wars in Afghanistan and the region, he can play the role of his choice among Afghan heroes. When US troops are in Afghanistan, he is in charge of the difficult task of stabilization, while the easy task of creating chaos is entrusted to his enemies. Now that his troops were gone, he no longer needed Pakistan.
Light work will come to him and hard work from neighbors like Pakistan. It makes sense that if the United States, China, Iran and Pakistan want to cause trouble, the easiest way is to create chaos in Afghanistan. That is why intra-Afghan reconciliation is necessary, not for the United States, but for Pakistan and Pakistan at all costs. This is a must.
There is a fantasy in the minds of the Taliban. Like the mujahideen, they believe they have defeated the United States when their victory would never have been possible without the fault of the United States itself and the role of Pakistan, Iran and Russia. They believe that they can occupy and rule Afghanistan by force, although they can occupy but cannot escape. The Taliban must remember that the Afghan government will need money and will be unlikely to get money from outside if they form their own government in the style of the past.
Secondly, they must remember that during the confrontation with American forces, the sympathies of Pakistan, Iran, Russia, and China were with them, but now, if they insist on their own strength and the establishment of an Islamic emirate, it will become a problem. theirs. . This will not be accepted by either party.
The Taliban need not only consider the status and morale of the Afghan government because their resistance will come from Tajik, Uzbek, Khazar, and Turkmen nationalities, not the government. They look weak today, but if the Taliban insist on forming their own government, many countries will join the gangs to support their opponents.
If they don’t fight back today, it’s because Afghans are fed up with war, but if the Taliban provoke war like the mujahideen, the same fate will soon befall them.
U.S. Irresponsible Exit From Afghanistan Will Lead To Civil War, Researcher Predicts
TEHRAN – A Pakistani researcher believes the US “irresponsible withdrawal” from Afghanistan will pave the way for a civil war in the country that will affect the entire region.
Arhama Sidika told the Tehran Times that expanding the US presence in Afghanistan “would give the Taliban some legitimacy” to continue fighting, but “if there is an irresponsible troop withdrawal, as is happening now, it will undoubtedly give civilians”. a war that will have a domino effect across the region and gradually global consequences.”
On Wednesday, Taliban fighters fought government forces in the northern city of Kunduz after they occupied a key border checkpoint with Tajikistan and reached the northern Afghan central suburb of Mazar-e-Sharif earlier in the day. Afghanistan destroyed a dozen areas in the past week and brought most of the province under insurgent control.
“That failure began when the Bush administration not only avoided talks with the Taliban, but firmly rejected the agreements only the Afghan government made with the Taliban in 2001 and 2004, which may have ended the war 15 years ago.” way, the Obama administration made the same mistake.”
The following is an excerpt of the interview:
Q: How would you rate the US withdrawal from Afghanistan?
A: When President Biden announced that the United States would begin reducing its troop presence in July 2021, the responsibility for maintaining peace in Afghanistan shifted to the Afghan people, particularly the Taliban and the Afghan government, to reach a viable and sustainable compromise. Contrary to earlier optimistic assessments, however, there are now concerns about the recent violence in northern Afghanistan and a completely irresponsible withdrawal from the US government that Kabul could collapse within six to twelve months of a full withdrawal of American troops. Another major concern is that the void left by US forces, complemented by the Afghan faction’s focus on combat, could be filled by fighters such as al-Qaeda and ISIS.
Question: Imran Khan said Islamabad would not allow the United States to use Pakistan as a base for its Afghanistan operations. How did you read his statement?
A: I want to make three points here.
First, if you analyze what Prime Minister Imran Khan said in the years leading up to his election, you will find that he has repeatedly criticized previous Pakistani governments for allowing American shoes on Pakistani soil. His fierce opposition left the Hahn administration little leeway to stretch out the red carpet and meet all the demands of the United States.
Second, hypothetically, if Pakistan helped the United States, it would likely damage Islamabad’s relationship with the Taliban, which the Taliban had previously been able to afford.
Third, if Pakistan accepts the US request, it will worry two of Pakistan’s neighbors – China and Iran. The ongoing rivalry between the US and China is no secret, as is the US dislike of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). Therefore, China does not want the US to monitor CPEC developments, especially around Gwadar. Similarly, Prime Minister Hahn is trying to rebuild relations with Iran and if he puts forward a US proposal it will be prevented and his statements on mediation/facilitation between Iran, Saudi Arabia and the United States will be questioned. Moreover, it would violate the neutral balancing act that Pakistan maintains in the Middle East (West Asia) and would have serious security implications.
Question: How can Iran and Pakistan work together to build peace in Afghanistan?
A: Both Iran and Pakistan have not only a border with Afghanistan, but also a unique cultural relationship and are further involved directly in the Afghan peace process. Both Tehran and Islamabad also retain some influence over various Afghan factions. Both sides can work together to counter threats such as al-Qaeda and ISIL.
In addition, a stable Afghanistan is equally important for both countries to develop their economic and strategic interests. It should also be borne in mind that Iran is now officially a part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and any instability in Afghanistan will affect the implementation of the agreement. I should mention here that the China-Iran agreement also brings great benefits to Pakistan and from now on also promises to keep its sanctity. The Sino-Iran agreement gives CPEC additional impetus to expand into Afghanistan. Therefore, both Iran and Pakistan can help cooperate for peace in Afghanistan through counter-terrorism measures, to maintain their development path and to further facilitate the Afghan peace process by bringing all parties to the negotiating table.
Question: Do you imagine a civil war in Afghanistan?
A: This has two aspects. First, it goes without saying that expanding the US presence in Afghanistan would give the Taliban some legitimacy to continue fighting and would further prolong the status quo. Second, an irresponsible troop withdrawal, as is happening today, will undoubtedly turn into a civil war with a domino effect across the region and gradual global consequences.
Q: Why did America fail to keep the Taliban in Afghanistan?
A: Given that it has been 20 years since the US invasion of Afghanistan and what President Biden has called the “Eternal War” seems to be driven more by irrational emotions and behavior than by careful strategic planning.
I think the failure started with the Bush administration not only avoiding talks with the Taliban, but also avoiding the deals the Afghan government made with the Taliban in 2001 and 2004, which might have ended the war 15 years ago being rejected. Similarly, the Obama administration made the same mistake.
The Taliban cannot be excluded from the peace process. They are an essential part of the Afghan landscape if peace and sustainable development are to be achieved. In Afghanistan they have to be part of the government. The US has not recognized this for years.